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Bipolar disorder is a serious and debilitating mental illness. It interferes with a person’s daily life routine. A person with this disorder is so obsessed with either negative thoughts or thoughts of elation that it is very difficult for him to concentrate. The disorder is a result of a chemical imbalance in the brain. It is a very paralyzing illness because it affects every aspect of a person’s life. It ruins a person’s social life, family life and if one is working in a company it also interferes with his work life. If a person is a student studying in college this disorder also hampers his ability to study and complete his education. Normal tasks such as buying groceries are too badly affected. A person becomes completely isolated from society and prefers spending time alone. In this article, we will further discuss bipolar disorder and how it affects a person, its symptoms, and how it can be treated.
Who gets affected with Bipolar Disorder?
Anyone with a family history of mental disorders can get affected. It can be genetic as well as environmental. Childhood traumatic events and bad experiences can also trigger this disorder. It develops gradually over the years and continues for a lifetime. It is a serious illness and requires medical intervention. If it is not given appropriate medical treatment on time it can get worse.
Symptoms of Bipolar Disorder
Bipolar disorder is categorized in two main phases. One is the manic phase in which a person feels highly elated, hopeful, full of self-confidence, high self-esteem and aggressive. Another phase is called depressive where a person feels completely the opposite of the manic phase. In this phase a person feel highly depressed, low mood, shattered self-confidence, hopeless, worthless, very low self-esteem, and suicide. Some people with bipolar disorder even commit suicide. People with this disorder require hospitalization in order to stop them from harming themselves and others around them.
How Bipolar Disorder can be Treated?
Bipolar disorder has no cure but it can be managed through the combination of medication and psychotherapy. Medication helps elevate symptoms and maintain proper chemical balance in the brain. Psychotherapy helps a person with confidence restoration and other coping skills so that a person can lead a normal life. A person with this disorder has to take medicines for a lifetime in order to avoid any relapse. In case of relapse, the symptoms come back and a person once again starts behaving abnormally.