Jane Austen’s contribution to English fiction demands careful consideration because she was an original writer who created a certain taste for fiction for which she is appreciated. Her entire literary life was from 1786 to 1817, during which time she took English literature to new heights of fiction because some of the most remarkable changes to English literature occurred during that period. Jane Austen discerned major changes in English literature and wrote according to the altered taste of the reading public. The tone of society had undergone dramatic changes, and although it was as morally corrupt as before, emotions had become more refined. Most people were still quite crude and Jane Austen exposed such intense hypocrisy with truth and realism in her writings.
In most of her novels, Jane Austen has used “parody” in a witty manner, combined with mockery and imitation to entertain her readers. Her wit has been used quite effectively for critiquing the depiction of women in the 18th century. She has further used her critique for the depiction of social hypocrisy by creating an ironic tone through indirect speech in which her thoughts and words for the characters are mixed through compelling narration. Her novels were mostly regarded as witty “country house novels” mixed with an element of fairy tales. In comparison with other novels of that period, Austen’s novels contain very little scenic descriptions as they contain a large amount of dialogue.
Jane Austen hated shams and criticized with quick irony that exposed such characters. Her criticism was quite satirical and her scathing words were remembered for being humorous, amiable and sarcastic through which she illuminated the different aspects of life. Jane Austen never lost her temper with snobs because she did not take their absurd behavior seriously enough to be angry with them. That is why she gave her most bitter remarks a sense of humor which hid their ill nature. She brought rare gifts to her task of social comedy combined with wit and irony with delightful flimsiness.
Her style was absolutely transparent and she wrote effortlessly using words that penetrated the reader’s mind. Jane Austen used irony in her novels in very broad terms as a literary technique for characterizing what was expected in a given situation and what really took place which is quite ironic because of the situations that led up to it. She also used verbal, dramatic and situational irony for emphasizing and asserting the truth. This was a deliberate ironic use of language which in essence stated the opposite of the truth and understated a factual connection.