Capital punishment is a contentious and controversial issue in today’s world. The main objective of this system is to rehabilitate criminals and to safeguard society from those who cannot be reformed. Ernest Van Den Haag maintains that “‘carrying out the norms of justice’ or ‘preventing others’” are the objective of the system’s accomplishments. The death penalty is one way to achieve these objectives. Therefore opponents of capital punishment must prove convincingly that it does not accomplish either of these ambitions while proponents are able to rely on either argument for justification. To earn the best grades in your Dissertation, Thesis, and college assignments you should choose an academic writing service that will meet your best writing needs.
This theory rests upon the principle that nothing is so sanctified as human life. The possibility of imminent death is a threat too threatening not to be taken seriously. While any person may run the risk of a lesser penalty for the sake of achieving his goals, he would not be willing to risk life itself. The death penalty, therefore, is considered to be the most powerful of all deterrents and a powerful aid in the subjugation of crime. Proving these hypotheses of deterrence is essential to analyze the past practices of implementing capital punishment and its outlook in present society, and the reasons for its continuance or discontinuance in the future. The virtues of the deterrence assumption can only be correctly judged by comparing states with and without the death penalty.
A person being put to death legally by the state for crime(s) committed is said to incur or undergo capital punishment commonly known as the “death penalty”. The killing of the person is an “execution” of said person. The crime (s) that incurs the death penalty is called “capital crimes or capital offenses”. The expression capital is derived from the Latin word capitalist means the head or killing the person by cutting off his/her head. Capital punishment is at most a controversial issue in most countries because 58 countries of the world routinely award death sentences, 97 countries have completely put an end to it, and some countries only award it for major crimes such as treason or hostile acts against the said country.
Under Article 2 of the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union, the awarding of the death sentence is absolutely prohibited within all European Union States. The UN General Assembly has voted in favor of abolishing the death penalty in the whole world. Even now 60% of the countries in the world still carry out death sentences. This includes the USA, China, India, and Indonesia. These nations did not favor abolishing death and cast their votes against such General Assembly resolutions.