Essay on Ebola virus Outbreak in Western Africa

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Ebola virus is a fatal disease which infects a human body. It is contagious and can be contracted by coming in contact with the infected person. Usually an Ebola virus takes 2 to 21 days to show symptoms. The reason it is so dangerous is that it does not show any symptoms in its incubation period. In Western Africa Ebola virus has caused massive destruction. Liberia, Sierra Leone and Guinea are the most effected countries. According to the most recent stats more than 8,000 people have been infected with Ebola virus and more than 4,000 people have died.

Health care workers working with infected Ebola patients have to take safety measures. They have to make sure that they do not come in direct contact with the patient infected with the virus. Bodily fluids of the infected person should come in direct contact with people around an Ebola virus infected patient. In this article we will discuss the symptoms of Ebola virus and why is it so difficult to stop this virus from spreading.

Symptoms of Ebola Virus

In its earlier stage Ebola virus does not show any symptoms that is why the person infected does not show any signs of illness and any other physical discomfort. But as the virus completes incubation period which could last from 2 to 21 days it shows up the symptoms. Ebola is not contagious in its incubation period but once a person infected shows the symptoms the virus can transmit and can easily infect others if proper safety measures are not taken by people who came in contact with the infected person. The first line of treatment of Ebola infected person is to isolate him in order stop the virus from transmitting to others coming in contact with the infected person. The most common symptoms of Ebola Virus are.

  • High Fever
  • Pain in the Throat
  • Weakness in the Body and Muscles
  • Vomiting
  • Diarrhea
  • Internal and external bleeding
  • Rashes on the body

According to some experts the virus has the capability to mutate. If the outbreak is not stopped from spreading the virus could become airborne through several mutations. With every mutation a virus is likely to either become stronger or weaker. In case of Ebola virus, it has only strengthened from the first case reported earlier in the year 2014.

The reason Ebola virus is so difficult to stop from spreading is that it has already infected thousands of people. Some of the infected people have even traveled to other countries increasing the chances of further transmitting the virus to others coming in direct contact with infected people.


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