Sacrifice in Leviticus Connected to the Classical World: Essay

Sacrifice in Leviticus Connected to the Classical World: Essay

Sample Essay

Words 2,310

The concepts of sacrifice that are outlined in Leviticus did not simply arise within the community of this particular priesthood. Rather, they are allied to older (as well as contemporary) ideas and practices about sacrifice and we must understand the idea of sacrifice both as a widespread element of religious belief/practice and as an element of religious practice that was fundamental to the other early religions that were practiced more or less contemporaneously with the establishment of Judaism. Among these is the practice of the traditional polytheism of the Greeks. (more…)

Sacrifice in Leviticus Connected to the Classical World: Essay

Similarities between Oedipus and Gilgamesh: Essay

Sample Essay

Words 1,321

If we wish to understand the nature of the present, we have all been told, it is often useful to look to the past, and especially to the great works of art from the past because they can often help us to understand the present. The great epics “The Iliad” and “The Odyssey” and “Gilgamesh” present us with characters whose lives are in many ways radically different from our own, and yet they also describe for us the kind of personal challenge that is as familiar to us in the modern world as it was to those in the ancient world. The epics focus on characters who have lost their way and their dreams and the ways in which they attempt to regain their sense of self and their sense of the possible. (more…)

Homer’s Gods Essay

Homer’s Gods Essay

Sample Essay

Words 1,520

Homer’s gods (187) also send messages to their mortal counterparts, adopting and then abandoning them at various times.  The relationship that Homer, therefore, sees between man and god is a capricious one.  The ancient Greeks created a polytheistic religion that during the Hellenic age offered a diversity of religious practice (Martin 217).  The traditional cults of the oldest Greek religions remained popular, but new cults responded to new political and social conditions.  The new Hellenistic cults encompassed a shared concern, focusing on the relationship between the individual and what appeared to be the controlling, unpredictable power of chance.  It is there that Plato took a different position than that of Homer. The chaotic course of Greek history following the Peloponnesian War made the unpredictable aspects of human existence appear more popular than ever (Martin 218). (more…)

Greeks and the Gods:  Homer and Plato Essay

Greeks and the Gods: Homer and Plato Essay

Sample Essay

Words 1,517

The word “god” in Homer symbolizes a variety of objects.  It applied to persons such as Zeus and all the Olympian deities, to some physical realities, such as the god, Ocean, and to the great natural fatalities that govern all mortal lives, such as Terror and Death (McLean and Aspell 9).  These names of the gods all pointed, in Homer’s work such as the Odyssey to living powers possessing a will of their own which affected human lives and destinies.  From the somewhat later and less mythical perspective of Plato, the gods became the God, equated with the Idea of Good and assumed to be perfect and lacking in nothing (McLean and Aspell 139).  (more…)

Essay on Classical and Renaissance Literature

Essay on Classical and Renaissance Literature

Sample Essay

Words 1,081

Homer’s Iliad and Odyssey and Virgil’s Aeneid stand as the models of the classical epic traditions in the Western literature. And despite the fact that these poems were written in “pagan” cultures, these classical works have an inestimable power on future literary works, particularly during the Renaissance culture. In fact, they directly influenced some of the greatest enduring works of those times, like Dante’s Divine Comedy and Milton’s Paradise Lost; these later works would not have been possible without the guiding influence of Homer and Virgil. At the center of the classic’s lasting power is its unique role in determining the history of culture. This paper looks at the influence of  Homer’s Iliad on Milton’s Paradise Lost. (more…)