In 2000, South Korean President Kim Dae-Jung visited North Korea, advocating Seoul’s “sunshine policy.” The intent of the policy was to thaw hostile relations between North and South Korea, as well as the rest of the democratic world through dialogue and aid (North Korea: Country Profile). In 2001, President George W. Bush said in a statement that he desired to improve relations with the North Korean State. He hoped to work with South Korean President Kim Dae Jung to “expand our [the United States] efforts to help the North Korean people, ease sanctions, and take other political steps” (Bush).
In the year 2002, President George W. Bush designated North Korea as a part of the “axis of evil,” claiming that the Communist nation had a handful of nuclear weapons and a uranium-enrichment program (North Korea: Country Profile).
George W. Bush’s analysis of North Korea’s nuclear intents was proven to be correct when in 2002 the North Korean government decided to reactivate a nuclear reactor and expel international inspectors (North Korea: Country Profiles).
Early in 2003, the United States government revealed, to the shock of the world, that North Korea had a nuclear weapons program. The revelation of North Korea’s program runs against the terms of the agreement the Communist nation had signed onto with the United States and other countries during the Clinton administration in 1994.
Following the revelation, a group of three nations, South Korea, Japan and the United States, came together to issue a policy statement, regarding North Korea’s nuclear program. In essence, the countries expressed serious concern over North Korea’s ending of the nuclear freeze. The countries urged North Korea to cooperate fully with the Safeguards Agreement under the Treaty of Non-proliferation of Nuclear Weapons. In the press statement, the group stressed that the United States, as George W. Bush had reiterated, does not pose a threat to North Korea, nor does the United States intend to invade the country. In addition, there is no logical national security reason for North Korea to proceed with its plans (Japan Policy).
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